The no. 1 financial ratio in the hotel sector is the occupancy rate, meaning the number of rooms occupied relative to the total number of rooms available. This financial ratio is in turn directly dependent on hotel guest comfort and well-being, since satisfied guests are more likely to return.

Guest satisfaction is crucial

The main requirements made by hotel guests is for their hotel room to be fresh, quiet and comfortable. Many of us have most likely had to put up with a hotel room with centrally controlled ventilation that could not be adjusted, which rumbled or wheezed, and where the temperature was either too high or too low.

This is why most guests appreciate to be able to adjust both ventilation and temperature in their room. The requirement for a system solution is then to create an individually demand-controlled indoor climate while maintaining a high-level energy efficiency and cost-efficient operation.

Long ventilation ducts do the job

Hotel rooms are usually located one after another, which for ventilation purposes typically involves extensive branched ducting. The effect of this may be large differences in pressure drop between the first and last supply air diffuser serving main ducts, with the resulting noise problem and non-adjustability factor. The lesser the pressure that needs to be throttled in the supply air diffuser, the quieter the system.

Holistic approach is crucial

The design principles for a demand-controlled ventilation system for a hotel should address all factors coherently and comprise all the necessary components. An example of such a system would be a typical five-storey hotel. The system solution involves division into two sub-systems which jointly provide a whole raft of economies as compared with conventional hotel solutions.

Correctly located supply air diffusers for health and well-being

The design of the supply air diffusers, the type of diffusers and their siting are all key factors to take into account. The choice of diffuser type and siting must factor in the layout of hotel room furnishing, meaning where the bed, TV and desk are placed. With this in mind, it will be possible to identify the right solutions so that hotel guests do not perceive the room as draughty or uncomfortable. Bear in mind that any rearrangement of the furnishings may require redirection or replacement of the supply air diffusers.

A multifunctional unit controls cooling and heat production

The individual hotel rooms are air-conditioned and ventilated using compact comfort modules, and the control systems are connected to a centrally located air handling unit. Public areas in the hotel such as the restaurant, lobby and conferencing suite are air conditioned by means of maintenance-free comfort modules. Connecting flow controls to the air handling unit optimises fan operation to stabilise the room climate in all the rooms. For enhanced air distribution, branch dampers can be installed.

Demand-controlled ventilation enables savings

With the latest presence sensors, hotel rooms equipped with demand-controlled ventilation (DCV), including heating/cooling, improve their energy performance overall by 30%. When the hotel guest is not present in their room, the ventilation rate may be lowered which obviously is enables savings. As much as 80% of the electrical energy that powers the fans and 40% of the heating and cooling energy can be saved as compared to a constant air flow and temperature, without detriment to hotel guest comfort.

Demand-controlled ventilation is beneficial in comparison to ventilate, heat or cool at full power around the clock. However, the rising interest in building certifications such as BREEAM, LEED and WELL also promote DCV solutions. It is today nearly impossible to attain any of the above without a demand-controlled indoor climate due to the certificates' strict requrements on energy consumption and sustainability.


Read more in our DCV guide